Dr. Jory Brinkerhoff

Associate Professor of Biology

Selected Publications


Asterisks denote undergraduate student co-authors:

R.J. Brinkerhoff, H. Rinsland*, S. Sato, S. Maruyama, and C. Ray.  Pathogen spillover into high-elevation populations of a declining mammalian species.  In review.  EcoHealth. 

Heller, E.L., H.D. Gaff, R.J. Brinkerhoff, and E.L. Walters.  2019.  The effects of urbanization on tick parasitism rates in birds.  Journal of Wildlife Management doi:10.1002/jwmg.21646.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., L. Dang*, H. Streby, and M. Gimpel.  2019.  Bird life history characteristics influence patterns of tick parasitism.  Infection Ecology and Epidemiology 9:1547096.

Ferrell*, A.M. and R.J. Brinkerhoff.  2018.  Using landscape analysis to test hypotheses about drivers of tick-borne pathogen transmission.  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15: 737

Tokarz, R., S. Sameroff, T. Tagliafierro, K. Jain, S.H. Williams, D.M. Cucura, I. Rochlin, J. Monzon, G. Capri, D. Tufts, M. Diu-Wasser, R.J Brinkerhoff, W.I. Lipkin.  2018. Identification of novel viruses in Amblyomma americanum, Dermacentor variabilis, and Ixodes scapuarlis ticks. mSphere.3 e00614-17

Shannon*, A.B., H. Gaff, R. Rucinsky, and R.J. Brinkerhoff.  2017.  Borrelia miyamotoi, other vector-borne pathogens in cat blood and ticks in eastern Maryland.  EcoHealth 14:816-820.

Ferrell*, A.M., R.J. Brinkerhoff, J. Bernal, and S. Bermudez.  2017.  Ticks and tick-borne pathogens of dogs along an elevational and land-use gradient in Chiriqui Province, Panama.  Experimental and Applied Acarology 71:371-385.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., P.M. Lantos, and D. Gaines.  2016.  Tracking vector-borne disease dynamics in space and time. Proceedings of the Middle East and South Asia Conference on Epigenetics and Genomics of Infectious Diseases, 43-46.

Hawkins, M.T.R., M.G. Campana, K. Stewardson, J. Lock, K.M. Helgen, H. Young, L. Card, W. L. Hynes, H. Gaff, R.J. Brinkerhoff, J.E. Moldonado, W.J. McShea, and R.C. Fleischer. 2016.  Simultaneous identification of host, vector, and pathogen DNA via in-solution capture.  Molecular Ecology Resources doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12524

Salkeld, D.J., P.Stapp, D.W. Tripp, K.L. Gage, J. Lowell, C.T. Webb, R.J. Brinkerhoff, and M.F. Antolin.  2016. Ecological traits driving the outbreak and emergence of zoonotic pathogens. BioScience doi:10.1093/biosci/biv179

Lantos, P.M., L.E. Nigrovic, P.G. Auwaeter, V. Fowler, F. Ruffin, R.J. Brinkerhoff, J. Reber, C. Williams, J. Broyhill, W. Pan, and D. Gaines. 2015. Rapid expansion of Lyme disease in Virginia, 2000-2014, with implications for North Carolina. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, DOI 10:1093/ofid/ofv143

van Treuren, W., L. Ponnusamy, R.J. Brinkerhoff, A. Gonzales, C.M. Parobek, J.J. Juliano, T.G. Andreadis, R. Falco, L.B. Ziegler, N. Hathaway, C. Keeler, M. Emch, J.A. Bailey, R.M. Roe, C.S. Apperson, R. Knight, and S.R. Meshnick. 2015. Geographic variation in the microbiota of Ixodes ticks from the eastern United States.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81:6200-6209.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., W.F. Gilliam, and D. Gaines.  2014. Lyme Disease, Virginia, USA, 2000–2011.  Emerging Infectious Diseases. 20:1661–1668.

R.R. Kelly*, W.F. Gilliam*, D. Gaines, and R.J. Brinkerhoff. 2014. Population genetic structure of the Lyme disease vector, Ixodes scapularis, at an apparent spatial expansion front. Infection, Genetics, and Evolution. 27:543-50.

Florin, D.A., R.J. Brinkerhoff, J. Jiang, R.G. Robbins, W.M. Eickmeyer, J. Butler, D. Nielsen, H. Gaff, C. Wright, A. White, M.E. Gimpel, and A.L. Richards. 2014. Additional collections of the Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae), from the state of Delaware, the first reported field collection of an adult specimen from the state of Maryland, and data regarding the tick species from surveillance of migratory songbirds in Maryland. Systematic and Applied Acarology 19: 257-262.

States, S.L, R.J. Brinkerhoff, G. Capri, T. Steeves, C. Folsom-O’Keefe, and M.A. Diuk-Wasser. Lyme disease risk not amplified in species-poor vertebrate community: similar Borrelia burgdorferi tick infection prevalence and genotype diversity. Infection, Genetics, and Evolution 27:566-75.

Lantos, P.M., R.J. Brinkerhoff, G.P. Wormser, and R. Clemen. 2013. Empiric antibiotic treatment of erythema migrans-like skin lesions as a function of geography: a clinical and cost-effectiveness modeling study. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 13:877-883.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., C.M. Folsom-O’Keefe, H.M. Streby, S.J. Bent, K. Tsao, and M.A. Diuk-Wasser. 2013. Regional variation in tick parasitism on migrating North American songbirds: implications for the spread of the Lyme pathogen, Borrelia burgdorferi. 2013 . Journal of Medical Entomology 48:422-428.

Diuk-Wasser, M.A., A.G. Hoen, P. Cislo, R.J. Brinkerhoff, S.A. Hamer, M. Rowland, R. Cortinas, G. Vourc’h, F. Melton, G.J. Hickling, J.I. Tsao, A.G. Barbour, U. Kitron, J. Piesman, and D. Fish. 2012. Human risk of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease agent, in eastern United States. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 86:320-327.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., A.P. Martin, R.T. Jones, and S.K. Collinge. 2011. Population genetic structure of the prairie dog flea and plague vector, Oropsylla hirsuta.  Parasitology 138: 71-79.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., S.J. Bent, C.M. Folsom-O’Keefe, A.G. Hoen, K. Tsao, A. Barbour, and M.A. Diuk-Wasser.  2010.  Genotypic diversity of Borrelia burgdorferi detected in Ixodes scapularis larvae collected from North American songbirds. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76: 8265-8268.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., H. Kabeya, K. Inoue, Y. Bai, and S. Maruyama. 2010. Detection of multiple Bartonella species in digestive and reproductive tissues of fleas collected from sympatric mammals. The ISME Journal 4: 955-958.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., S.K. Collinge, C. Ray, and K.L. Gage. 2010. Rodent and flea abundance fail to predict plague epizootic in black-tailed prairie dogs.  Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 10: 47-52. (Invited Manuscript)

Brinkerhoff, R.J., C. M. Folsom-O’Keefe, K. Tsao, and M.A. Diuk-Wasser. 2009. Do birds affect Lyme disease risk? Range expansion of the vector-borne pathogen, Borrelia burgdorferiFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment9:103–110.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., S.K. Collinge, Y. Bai, and C. Ray. 2009. Are carnivores universally good sentinels of plague? Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 9: 491-497.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., C. Ray, B. Thiagarajan, J.F. Cully, Jr., S.K. Collinge, B. Holmes and K.L Gage. 2008. Prairie dog presence affects disease vector occurrence on small rodents. Ecography 31: 654-662.

Wilder, A.P., R.J. Eisen, S.J. Bearden, J.A. Montenieri, D.W. Tripp, R.J. Brinkerhoff, K.L. Gage, and M.F. Antolin. 2008. Transmission efficiency of two flea species (Oropsylla tuberculata cynomuris and Oropsylla hirsuta) involved in plague epizootics among prairie dogs. EcoHealth 5: 205-212.

Bai, Y., M.Y. Kosoy, C. Ray, R.J. Brinkerhoff, and S.K. Collinge. 2008. Distribution and dynamics of Bartonella infection in colonies of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus).  Microbial Ecology 56: 373-382.

Brinkerhoff, R.J. 2008. Habitat-associated differences in flea assemblages of striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis). Comparative Parasitology, 75:127-131.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., A.B. Markeson, J.H. Knouft., K.L. Gage, and J.A. Montenieri. 2006. Abundance patterns of two Oropsylla [Ceratophyllidae: Siphonaptera] species on black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) hosts. Journal of Vector Ecology 31: 355-363.

Brinkerhoff, R.J., N.M. Haddad and J.L. Orrock. 2005. Corridors and olfactory predator cues affect small mammal behavior. Journal of Mammalogy 86: 662-669.

Orrock, J.L., B.J. Danielson and R.J. Brinkerhoff. 2004. Rodent foraging is affected by indirect, but not direct, cues of predation risk. Behavioral Ecology 15: 433-437.

Tewksbury, J.J., D.J. Levey, N.M. Haddad, S. Sargent, J.L. Orrock, A. Weldon, B.J. Danielson, J. Brinkerhoff, E.I. Damschen and P. Townsend. 2002. Corridors affect plants, animals and their interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99: 12923-12926.


J.E. Childs and R.J. Brinkerhoff.  2012.  Environment and Vector-Borne Diseases In R. Friis, Ed., The Praeger Handbook of Environmental Health, Praeger Publishers.


Ph.D., University of Colorado 2008
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

M.S., North Carolina State University 2002

B.S., University of Illinois 1998
Ecology, Ethology, and Evolution

Contact Information

B322 Gottwald Center for the Sciences
(804) 484-1592

Areas of Expertise

Disease ecology
Epidemiology of vector-borne diseases
Host-parasite relationships